The NORINA database lists over 3, products which may be used as alternatives or supplements to animal use in education and training. Dissection of a human cheek from Gray's Anatomy Technique of dissection and glycerination in Bovine articulation tarsus.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Disection. Not to be confused with Bisection. This article is about the biological examination process. For other uses, see Dissection disambiguation. Ginkgo seed in dissection, showing embryo and gametophyte. See also: Tree of physiology. Dissection of a spiny dogfish.
Dissection of human axilla. Medical Education. Australian Museum. Retrieved 10 May Principles of Dissection". In Waters, Brenda L ed. Handbook of Autopsy Practice - Springer. Simulation in Radiology. Retrieved Autopsy Pathology: A Manual and Atlas. Elsevier Health Sciences. Medical Science Educator. The Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine. Anatomical Sciences Education. Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine.
Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences. Routledge , London and New York. The Lancet. Heart Views. August ISRN Surgery. The Roots of Ayurveda. Penguin Classics. Tao and Dharma: Chinese Medicine and Ayurveda. Walter de Gruyter. Archives of Medical Science. These included the Ecclesia Abhorret a Sanguine in by the Council of Tours and Pope Boniface VIII's command to terminate the practice of dismemberment of slain crusaders' bodies and boiling the parts to enable defleshing for return of their bones.
For the Europeans had performed significant numbers of human dissections, especially postmortem autopsies during this era", "Many of the autopsies were conducted to determine whether or not the deceased had died of natural causes disease or whether there had been foul play, poisoning, or physical assault.
Indeed, very early in the thirteenth century, a religious official, namely, Pope Innocent III — , ordered the postmortem autopsy of a person whose death was suspicious", Toby Huff, The Rise Of Modern Science , p. Ford unveils new line of iconic Broncos. The Stingray marks a new era of Corvettes. Ford unveils first full hybrid pickup truck.
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Hence, these pooled estimates without raw patient data prohibits subset analysis, and our results should be interpreted with caution. Surgical aortic reconstruction, on the other hand, still has a significant role as endovascular repair is not applicable in all of the dissected aortas and there is concern regarding the durability of this technique. Although the ideal treatment for uncomplicated acute type B aortic dissection is still unclear, the combination of TEVAR with antihypertensive therapy seems to have a more favorable outcome regarding aortic remodeling and aorta-specific survival rate when compared with medical therapy alone.
Expansion of TEVAR, however, to treating uncomplicated type B aortic dissection requires further investigation and the proposed factors predicting the outcome of these patients may help in the identification of the appropriate treatment strategy. Until this issue is clarified, patients with uncomplicated acute type B dissection should be treated on a case-by-case basis. There is a need for randomized clinical trials that will focus on the prognostic factors of early and late complications in uncomplicated type B aortic dissection and the timing of intervention.
Introduction Aortic dissection is a potentially life-threatening condition that occurs when a tear is formed in the wall of the aorta. Methods Definitions Acute type B aortic dissection Aortic dissection involving the descending thoracic aorta and distal sites only and the diagnosis has to be within 14 days of onset of symptoms.
Complicated type B aortic dissection Complicated dissections refer to aortic rupture, visceral and renal ischemia, lower extremities ischemia, or spinal cord ischemia SCI. Results The literature search identified potentially relevant citations. Figure 1 Study flow chart. Table 1 Endovascular treatment summary for acute complicated type B dissection Full table.
Data were available from 25 studies [pooled proportion, 0. Data were available from 27 studies [pooled proportion, 0. Table 2 Eligible studies on open surgery for complicated acute type B dissection Full table. Available data in nine studies, [pooled proportion, 0. However, when an aortic dissection is detected early and treated promptly, the chance of survival greatly improves.
Aortic dissection symptoms may be similar to those of other heart problems, such as a heart attack. Typical signs and symptoms include:. If you have signs or symptoms such as severe chest pain, fainting, sudden onset of shortness of breath or symptoms of a stroke, call or emergency medical assistance.
These signs and symptoms don't always indicate a serious problem, but it's best to get checked quickly. Early detection and treatment may help save your life. An aortic dissection occurs in a weakened area of the aortic wall. Chronic high blood pressure may stress the aortic tissue, making it more susceptible to tearing. You can also be born with a condition associated with a weakened and enlarged aorta, such as Marfan syndrome, bicuspid aortic valve or other rarer conditions associated with weakening of the walls of the blood vessels.
Rarely, aortic dissections are caused by traumatic injury to the chest area, such as during motor vehicle accidents. To assess nodal metastases rates between arms. To collect biospecimens for future translational science studies. To assess the DFS between arms in low-risk patients. Patients then undergo SLN biopsy. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up 3 weeks after surgery, every 3 months for year 1, every 4 months for year 2, every 6 months for year 3, then yearly thereafter.
It is assumed that a 7. Disease-free survival time is randomization date to the date of event or last known follow-up censoring. Rates will be estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and between-arm differences compared using the log-rank test. Overall survival time is randomization date to date of event or last known follow-up censoring.
Local-regional failure time is randomization date to date of event, precluding event, or last known follow-up censoring. Rates will be estimated using the cumulative incidence method and between arm differences compared using cause-specific log-rank test. Distant metastasis time is randomization to date of event, precluding event, or last known follow-up censoring. Rates will be estimated using the cumulative incidence method and between-arm differences compared using cause-specific log-rank test.
Analysis occurs at the same time as the primary endpoint. A higher score indicates greater disability.In the per-protocol analysis, the mean (±SE) 3-year rate of melanoma-specific survival was similar in the dissection group and the observation group (86±% and 86±%, respectively; P=